When all of the participants are adults, the use of a chat room to exchange sexually explicit messages or to arrange meetings is usually not illegal, but problems arise when one of the chat room participants is a minor.
The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, which updates the country's laws for the digital age, also outlaws hacking, domain squatting, and imposes harsh fines for libelous comments made on the internet.Profiling by the financial intelligence organisation Austrac has resulted in live-streaming convictions of Dominic Patrick Hickey and Patrick Goggins."Financial intelligence is a really valuable part of the puzzle for our law enforcement and intelligence partners but it's a part of a puzzle," Austrac's national manager of intelligence Dr John Moss said."Both Hickey and Goggin were identified by profiling, [on] 14 reports that averaged to , so a small number, and the context is there are over 1 million transfers that go out of Australia into the Philippines valued at less than 0."Finding these activities in that mass of data requires specialist tools, dedicated analysts and more importantly information sharing."The International Justice Mission's Mr Nagle believes the real number of Australian perpetrators abusing children could be much higher than the AFP numbers indicate.Virtual crime or in-game crime refers to a virtual criminal act that takes place in a massively multiplayer online game (MMOG), usually an MMORPG.However, it was not enough for Dawson, who convinced Joann to involve children in the webcam shows."That was what we call the grooming method, whereby through his conversations he then encouraged them to bring children into the child exploitation shows and those shows were then broadcast," Anthony Maguire, a Manila-based agent for the AFP, said.Over Skype, Dawson was taken inside a Manila slum where he paid Joann to carry out the sexual abuse of three young children. Sam Inocencio, from the non-government organisation International Justice Mission, was involved in the crime-fighting operation in the Philippines that caught Dawson in the act."[The abused children are] two sisters and one boy, and the facilitator is their aunt and so even that alone is really just disturbing," he told 7.30."This type of crime is really just dark and evil."But Dawson left a trail for the AFP to find by also downloading vast amounts of child abuse material.Law enforcement agencies have learned that the most effective use of their investigative resources is to focus on the locations where the crimes are being committed.