Relationship violence is a combination of a number of different tactics of abuse that are used to maintain — which are the words in the very center of the wheel.
Power and control in abusive relationships (or coercive control or controlling behaviour) is the way that abusers gain and maintain control over a victim for an abusive purpose such as psychological, physical and sexual abuse.
Manipulators and abusers control their victims with a range of tactics, including positive reinforcement (such as praise, love bombing, smiling, gifts), negative reinforcement, intermittent or partial reinforcement, psychological punishment (such as nagging, silent treatment, swearing, threats, intimidation, guilt trips) and traumatic tactics (such as verbal abuse or explosive anger).
Traumatic bonding can occur between the abuser and victim as the result of ongoing cycles of abuse in which the intermittent reinforcement of reward and punishment creates powerful emotional bonds that are resistant to change.
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